London’s Barbican Centre is holding the biggest Bauhaus exhibition in the UK in over 40 years (from 3 May). For those of you who don’t know much about the Bauhaus here goes a little Art History lesson:
Bauhaus (german for:house of construction) was a German school during 1919-1933 that combined crafts with fine arts and became famous for their approach on design. The school was founder by architect Walter Gropius in Weimar. The idea of the school was for an approach of ‘total’ work of art, including all forms of art cooperating together as equals, like architecture or textile design. Their style became very influential in the Modernist movement, influencing Architecture and Design. Subsequently it influenced art, architecture, graphic, interior,industrial design and even typography. During the period from 1919-1933 there were three schools operating in german cities: Weimar, Dessau and Berlin.
The idea behind the schools philosophy was to unify art, craft and technologies. They welcomed the machine as a positive element and embraced the industrial and product design. After the war broke in Germany most of the teachers and student fled the country or were exiled. Later Mies van der Rohe went to CHicago and became a world renowned architect. Moholy-Nagy founded the New Bauhaus school in Chicago that later became the Institute of Design ( part of the Illinois Institute of Technology). Werner Drewes ( painter and printmaker) also taught at Columbia and Washington University. Together they brought bauahus aesthetics to America. In 1953 Max Bill, Inge Aicher-Scholl and Otl Aicher founded the Ulm School of Design ( in Ulm – Germany) following the Bauhaus design tradition, the school closed in 1968 but their methods of teaching still influence design education everywhere.